?Fettered? and ?unfettered? capitalism in J.A. Schumpeter?s concept of Tax State and economic development ? issues in banking perspective
Keywords:Schumpeter, capitalism, Tax State, economic development, banking
Economic development and transformation processes have become much more intense in economic reality in the last years than they have ever been before. At this time a lot of questions were raised about the causes of the actual Global Crisis, future crises, the factors affecting the modern economy, about the essence of contemporary capitalism, demographic problems and overgrown bureaucracy. The most spectacular threat to capitalism, (based on private entrepreneurship) according to Schumpeter, stems from the high, growing and progressive taxation. Schumpeter saw clearly that the financing of public goods and services (requiring taxes, maybe even relatively high) is something other than a clerical control of the economic system that violates the natural economic mechanism. Moreover, Schumpeter says explicitly that an entrepreneur does not have to be one person, he even states that the country (state) itself, or its agenda, can act as an entrepreneur. Therefore, it can be concluded that we may have to deal with ?Tax State?, which is typical for ?fettered capitalism?, and with ?entrepreneurial state?, which is typical for ?unfettered capitalism?. The main goal of this paper is to present two different approaches to the economic development concept: Schumpeter?s ?fettered? and ?unfettered? capitalism in the context of ?Tax State? and interventionism. The Author analyzes presented concept in contemporary issues from the banking perspective. In the paper, the Author used critical analysis as a research method. This allowed to identify gaps in the current state of knowledge and the scientific discussion focused on J.A. Schumpeter?s theoretical concept. Analysis was performed in 2015.
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