Main Article Content
Research background: Various and complicated reasons for belonging to the NEET category (not in education, employment or training), resulting largely from young people’s personal and family circumstances, cause that the activation programmes undertaken by public employment services, both in the professional and educational sphere, prove inadequate. Despite the fact that labour market instruments dedicated to young people represent a wide range of possibilities for supporting them in combating professional and educational inactivity, the background of their problems requires new actions that should be undertaken by labour market institutions and their partners.
Purpose of the article: Taking the above into consideration, the aim of this study is to identify the challenges faced by the public employment services and other labour market institutions in the area of activating youth experiencing the most difficult situation in the labour market.
Methods: The article is based partly on the results of quantitative and qualitative research, conducted in the framework of the project implemented by the Provincial Labour Office in Bialystok Podlasie open to young people, financed by Operational Programme Knowledge Education Development (PO WER).
Findings & Value added: The results of the study have led to the identification of necessary actions which should be undertaken by labour market institutions to support young people representing the NEET generation. These actions can be classified into different categories. They include preventing inclusion into the NEET group, developing the most effective solutions in the area of getting in touch with this group of young people and supporting them as well as creating a culture of cooperation for their benefit. The study has also revealed the need to carry out in-depth research of the NEET population.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Eurofound (2011). Young people and NEETs in Europe: First findings. Dublin: Publications Office of the European Union.
Eurofound (2012). NEETs – young people not in employment, education or training: Characteristics, costs and policy responses in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
Finlay, I., Sheridana, M., McKayb, J., & Nudzora, H. (2010). Young people on the margins: in need of more choices and more chances in twenty-first century Scotland. British Educational Research Journal, 36(5). doi: 10.1080/01411 920903168532.
Furlong, A. (2008). The Japanese hikikomori phenomenon: acute social withdrawal among young people. Sociological Review, 56(2). doi: 10.1111/j.1467-954X.2008.00790.x.
Kobylińska, U., Kozłowski, A., Rollnik-Sadowska, E., & Samul, J. (2016). Situation of young people on the labor market in Podlaskie province. Białystok.
Kolev, A., & Saget C. (2005). Understanding youth labour market disadvantage: Evidence from south-east Europe. International Labour Review, 144(2). doi: 10.1111/j.1564-913X.2005.tb00564.x.
Lahusen, C., Schulz, N., & Graziano, P.R. (2013), Promoting social Europe? The development of European youth unemployment policies. International Journal Of Social Welfare, 22. doi: 10.1111/ijsw.12011.
Pemberton, S. (2008). Tackling the NEET generation and the ability of policy to generate a ‘NEET’ solution – evidence from the UK. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 26(1). doi: 10.1068/c0654.
Rose, H., Daiches, A., & Potier, J. (2012). Meaning of social inclusion to young people not in employment, education and training. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 22(3). doi: 10.1002/casp.1118.
Saczyńska-Sokół, S., & Łojko, M. (2016). Situation of NEETs on the labor market. Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczo-Humanistycznego w Siedlcach, Seria: Administracja i Zarządzanie, 108(35).
Saczyńska-Sokół, S. (2016). Recommendations in the field of supporting young people in the most difficult situation on the labor market in Podlaskie province. Białystok.