Work expectations and potential employability of millennials and post-millennials on the Czech labor market

Main Article Content

Jana Marie Šafránková
Martin Šikýř


Research background: A common problem of employing the Czech unemployed (especially young people) is that their professional and personal qualities often do not meet the re-quirements of employers. Despite the increasing level of education, the unemployment of young generation of millennials has been worsening. It seems that they often lack relevant professional skills and social habits, and usually have unreal expectations about their initial job opportunities. We want to explore this problem in more detail.

Purpose of the article: The purpose of the article is to present work expectations of today's Czech millennials and post-millennials and discuss their potential employability on the Czech labor market.

Methods: The paper is based on the analysis of available scientific literature and the results of the authors' questionnaire survey focused on students of three selected Czech universities and their motivation to study at university and their expectations about the future career. The survey was conducted in spring and autumn 2016. The respondents were full-time and com-bined bachelor's and master's students of the College of Regional Development in Prague, the Masaryk Institute of Advanced Studies of the Czech Technical University in Prague and the Education Management Centre of the Faculty of Education of the Charles University in Prague. The relevant data were obtained from 484 students.

Findings & Value added: The results support the research assumption that young generation of Czech millennials show relatively high expectations related to work and career, which would limit their employability. Many employers are afraid of employing young people, but from the perspective of potential shortage of qualified and motivated people on the Czech labor market they should learn to create appropriate and attractive employment opportunities for young people to ensure effective development of their potential. The article presents common work expectations of today's Czech millennials and provides employers with some advice to manage them.

Article Details

How to Cite
Šafránková, J., & Šikýř, M. (2017). Work expectations and potential employability of millennials and post-millennials on the Czech labor market. Oeconomia Copernicana, 8(4), 585-599.


Barbuto, J. E., & Gottfredson, R. K. (2016). Human capital, the millennial's reign, and the need for servant leadership. Journal of Leadership Studies, 10(2). doi: 10.1002/jls.21474.
Bejtkovsky, J. (2016). The employees of baby boomers generation, generation X, generation Y and generation Z in selected Czech corporations as conceivers of development and competitiveness in their corporation. Journal of Competitive-ness, 8(4). doi: 10.7441/joc.2016.04.07.
Bencsik, A., Horváth-Csikós, G., & Juhász, T. (2016). Y and Z generations at workplaces. Journal of Competitiveness, 8(3). doi: 10.7441/ joc.2016.03.06.
Garcia-Aracil, A., & Van der Velden, R. (2008). Competencies for young European higher education graduates: labor market mismatches and their payoffs. Higher Education, 55(2). doi: 10.1007/s10734-006-9050-4.
Grencikova, A., & Spankova, J. (2016). Labour Migration Trends in the Slovak Republic. Economics and Sociology, 9(2). doi: 10.14254/ 2071-789X.2016/9-2/11.
Grencikova, A., Spankova, J., & Karbach, R. (2015). Current trends in enterprise employment policies in Slovak Republic. Actual Problems of Economics, 170(8).
Issa, T., & Isaias, P. (2016). Internet factors influencing generations Y and Z in Australia and Portugal: a practical study. Information Processing & Manage-ment, 52(4). doi: 10.1016/j.ipm.2015.12.006.
Johnson, C. L., Gutter, M., Xu, Y. L., Cho, S. H., & DeVaney, S. (2016). Perceived value of college as an investment in human and social capital: views of generations X and Y. Family & Consumer Sciences Research Journal, 42(2). doi: 10.1111/fcsr.12195.
Kacerova, E. (2016). Risk factors of young graduates in the competitive E.U. la-bour market at the end of the current economic crisis. Journal of Competitive-ness, 8(3). doi: 10.7441/joc.2016.03.03.
Kondratiuk-Nierodzińska, M. (2016). New knowledge generation capabilities and economic performance of Polish regions. Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, 11(3). doi: 10.12775/ EQUIL.2016.021.
Kopertynska, M. W., & Kmiotek, K. (2015). Engagement of employees of genera-tion Y – theoretical issues and research experience. Argumenta Oeconomica, 35(2). doi: 10.15611/aoe.2015.2.10.
MoLSA (2017). Unemployment in the Czech Republic. Retrieved from (24.02.2017).
Novak, V., Vokoun, M, Stellner, F., & Vochozka, M. (2016). Institutional analysis of the contemporary regional labour market in the Czech Republic. E & M Ekonomie a Management, 19(3). doi: 10.15240/tul/001/2016-3-001.
Posta, V., & Hudecek, T. (2017). Features of the regional labor markets in the Czech Republic. Statistika – Statistics and Economy Journal, 97(2).
Sirucek, P., & Pavelka, T. (2013). Youth unemployment in the Czech Republic and the impact of economic crisis. Retrieved from 2013/229-Pavelka-Tomas-paper.pdf (24.02.2017).
Stewart, J. S., Oliver, E. G., Cravens, K. S., & Oishi, S. (2017). Managing millen-nials: Embracing generational differences. Business Horizons, 60(1). doi: 10.1016/j.bushor.2016.08.011.
Yazici, B. (2016). Attitudes of generation Y toward luxury products and youth-led change in luxury consumption behavior. Turkish Online Journal of Design Art and Communication, 6(3).
Zielinski, M. (2015). Unemployment and labor market policy in Visegrad group countries. Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, 10(3). doi: 10.12775/ EQUIL.2015.032.