Main Article Content
Research background: The uncertainty in the environment and rapid changes have impact on firms, regions and countries. The necessity to adapt to new conditions requires a stimulation of actions aimed at enhancing competitiveness and economic growth. In this respect, the European Union strategy called Europe 2020 should be mentioned. Regarding the role of firms’ innovation activities in economic growth of regions and countries, substantial im-portance was attached to how innovation activities of Polish firms differ from those from the other EU countries with a level of innovation similar to Poland. Here, a particular emphasis was put on Moderate Innovator countries.
Purpose of the article: The aim of this paper is to investigate Polish firms’ innovation activities against those by other Moderate Innovator countries.
Methodology: In the study a multivariate analysis and zero unitarization methods were applied. These methods allowed for a division of Moderate Innovator countries into four groups and for a multivariate analysis of firms’ innovation activities in Poland and other EU countries with a level of innovation similar to Poland. The study was based on data from the European Innovation Scoreboard 2016 relating to dimensions of firm activities: firm in-vestments, linkage & entrepreneurship and intellectual assets. The study referred to the period 2008–2015.
Findings & Value added: This paper contributes to the existing literature by providing new insight on understanding the issues related to firms’ innovation activities. The analysis has revealed several conclusions. One of them indicated the highest distance of Polish firms to those from the other Moderate Innovator countries, in terms of SMEs innovating in-house, innovative SMEs collaborating with others and public-private co-publications. The findings have practical and policy implications. It is assumed that the obtained results may be useful for firms, regions and countries in adaptation to uncertainty in the environment and, therefore, in maintaining competitive advantage capacity.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Ali Taha, V., Sirkova, M., & Ferencova, M. (2016). The impact of organizational culture on creativity and innovation. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 14(1). Doi: 10.17512/pjms.2016.14.1.01.
Amoroso, S. (2017). Multilevel heterogeneity of R&D cooperation and innovation determinants. Eurasian Business Review, 7. doi: 10.1007/s40821-015-0041-1.
Asheim, B. T., Grillitsch, M., & Trippl, M. (2016). Regional innovation systems: past–present–future. In R. Shearmur, C. Carrincazeaux & D. Doloreux (Eds.). Handbook on the Geographies of Innovation. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Balcerzak, A. P. (2015). Europe 2020 strategy and structural diversity between old and new member states. Application of zero unitarization method for dynamic analysis in the years 2004-2013. Economics & Sociology, 8(2). doi: 10.14254/2071-789X.2015/8-2/14.
Balcerzak, A. P., & Pietrzak, M.B. (2016). Quality of institutions for knowledge-based economy within new institutional economics framework. Multiple criteria decision analysis for European countries in the years 2000–2013. Economics & Sociology, 9(4). doi: 10.14254/2071-789X.2016/9-4/4.
Barca, F. (2009). An agenda for a reformed cohesion policy. A place-based approach to meeting European Union challenges and expectations. Brussels: European Commission.
Baumol, W. J. (2002). The free-market innovation machine: analyzing the growth miracle of capitalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Brodzicki, T. (2017). Internationalisation and innovation intensities of Polish manufacturing firms: a close nexus? Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 5(1). doi: 10.15678/EBER.2017.050106.
Cooke, P., Boekholt, P., & Tödtling, F. (2000). The governance of innovation in Europe: regional perspectives on global competitiveness. London: Pinter.
Furková, A., & Chocholatá, M. (2017). Interregional R and D spillovers and regional convergence: a spatial econometric evidence from the EU regions. Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, 12(1). doi: 10.24136/eq.v12i1.1.
Grillitsch M., & Nilsson M. (2015). Innovation in peripheral regions: do collaborations compensate for a lack of local knowledge spillovers? Annals of Regional Science, 54(1). doi: 10.1007/s00168-014-0655-8.
Grupp, H., & Schubert, T. (2010). Review and new evidence on composite innovation indicators for evaluating national performance. Research Policy, 39. doi: 10.1016/j/respol.2009.10.002.
Huggins, R., & Williams, N. (2011). Entrepreneurship and regional competitiveness: the role and progression of policy. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 23. doi: 10.1080/08985626.2011.577818.
Kondratiuk-Nierodzińska, M. (2016). New knowledge generation capabilities and economic performance of Polish regions. Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, 11(3). doi: 10.12775/EQUIL.2016.021.
Kukuła, K., & Bogocz, D. (2014). Zero unitarization method and its application in ranking research in agriculture. Economic and Regional Studies, 7(3).
Krstić, M., Skorup, A., & Minkov, D. (2016). Application of the evolution theory in modelling of innovation diffusion. International Review, 1-2. doi: 10.5937/intrev1602142K.
Lawson, B., & Samson, D. (2001). Developing innovation capability in organisations: a dynamic capabilities approach. International Journal of Innovation Management, 5(3). doi: 10.1142/S1363919601000427.
Naranjo-Valencia, J. C., Jiménez-Jiménez D., & Sanz-Valle R. (2016). Studying the links between organizational culture, innovation, and performance in Spanish companies. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, 48. doi: 10.1016/j.rlp.2015.09.009.
Oganisjana, K., Surikova, S., & Laizans, T. (2015). Factors influencing social innovation processes in Latvia: qualitative research perspective. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 3(2). doi: 10.9770/jesi.2015.3.2(6).
The European Commission (2016). European innovation scoreboard 2016.
The European Commission (2017). Entrepreneurship and small and medium-sized enterprises. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/ (20.03.2017)
Tödtling, F., & Grillitsch M. (2015). Does combinatorial knowledge lead to a better innovation performance of firms? European Planning Studies, 23(9). doi: 10.1080/09654313.2015.1056773.
Zygmunt, A. (2017). An analysis of innovation framework conditions between Poland and the other Moderate Innovators countries. In K. S. Soliman (Ed.). Vision 2020, sustainable economic development, innovation management, and global growth. The 30th IBIMA conference. Madrit: International Business Information Management Association.
Zygmunt, J. (2017). Enterprises’ development in peripheral regions: patterns and determinants. Problemy Zarządzania, 1(65). doi: 10.7172/1644-9584.65.14.
Żelazny, R., & Pietrucha, J. (2017). Measuring innovation and institution: the creative economy index. Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, 12(1). doi: 10.24136/eq.v12i1.3.