Innovation as a determinant of the competitiveness of Polish enterprises

  • Karina Sachpazidu-Wójcicka University of Bialystok

Abstract

Research background: Global competition, fast and dynamic technological change and increasingly shorter product life cycles have changed the current environment of enterprises’ functioning. In order to compete, firms are obliged to introduce new technologies, products, services or organizational systems and are forced to seek competitive advantages in innova-tiveness. Technology transfer becomes a major opportunity to enhance competitiveness and innovativeness of enterprises. The use of technology transfer and implementation of innova-tions allows companies to meet the requirements of the market and international competition. This paper discusses innovation activity occurring in industrial enterprises in Poland at present.
Purpose of the article: The aim of the article is to determine the level of innovativeness in gaining the competitive position of surveyed Polish enterprises. The purpose of the article is to determine the occurring innovation activity and the novelty level of innovations implemented in the group of surveyed firms.
Methods: The study is based on a survey on industrial firms (n=100) located in Poland. Data was collected during 100 individual interviews with high- and medium-level managers of randomly selected companies.
Findings & Value added: The research has determined the level of innovativeness in gaining the competitive position of the surveyed firms. As the survey showed, enterprises prevailed the range of implementation of material innovation - product and process. Rarely firms implement non-material innovations. The study pointed to low activity in the field of patenting and implementing innovations with a high level of novelty. According to the obtained results, there is a dominant introducing new form the companies side innovations, which causes low competitiveness of surveyed enterprises. These findings suggest that measurement of innovativeness in gaining the competitiveness should be developed. The findings support the need for Polish enterprises to participate in advanced forms of technology and knowledge procurement.

References

Balcerzak, A. P. (2010). Knowledge and innovation potential: intangible economic resources in the new global economy of the 21th century. Olsztyn Economic Journal, 5(1).
Bettis, R. A., & Hitt, M. A. (1995). The new competitive landscape. Strategic Management Journal. 16(S1). Doi: 10.1002/smj.4250160915.
Chesbrough, H. (2003). Open innovation. The new imperative for creating and profiting from technology. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Churchill, G. A. (1999). Marketing research: methodological foundations. Oak Brook, IL: The Dryden Press.
Drucker, P. F. (1994). Innovation and enterpreneurship practise and principles. London: Heinemann.
Freeman, Ch. (1982). The economics of industrial innovation. London: Penguin Books.
Gilbert, M., & Cordey-Hayes, M. (1996). Understanding the process of knowledge transfer to achieve successful technological innovation. Technovation, 16(6).
Innovation Union Scoreboard 2013. Belgium. EU 2013.
Innovation Union Scoreboard 2013. Belgium. EU 2014.
Innovation Union Scoreboard 2015. Belgium. EU 2015.
Kotler, P. (1976). Marketing, management. Analysis planning and control. Pren-tice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs. N.J.
Kuznets, S. (1959). Six lectures on economic growth. Chicago: Free Press.
Lam, A. (2004). Organizational innovation. Brunel University. Uxbridge. West London. Working Paper, 1. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/ 9780199286805.003.0005.
Lin, B. W. (2003). Technology transfer as technological learning: a source of com-petitive advantage for firms with limited R&D resources. R&D Management, 33(3). doi: 10.1111/1467-9310.00301.
Lynn, G. S., Skov, R. B., & Abel, K. D. (1999). Practices that support team learning and their impact on speed to market and new product success. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 16(5). doi: 10.1111/1540-5885.1650439.
Martín-de Castro, G., Delgado-Verde, M. Navas-López, J. E., & Cruz-González, J. (2013). The moderating role of innovation culture in the relationship between knowledge assets and product innovation. Technological Forecasting and So-cial Change, 80(2). doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2012.08.012.
Oslo Manual (2005). The measurement of scientific and technological activities. Proposed guidelines for collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data. OECD and Eurostat.
Prahalad, C. K. (1998). Managing discontinuities: the emerging challenges. Re-search Technology Management.
Rogers, M. (1998). The definition and measurement of innovation. Melbourne Institute Working Paper, 10/98.
Sazali, W. A., Haslinda, A., & Raduan, C. R. (2009). A holistic model of the inter-firm technology transfer based on integrated perspective of knowledge-based view and organizational learning. Journal of International Social Research, 2(9).
Schumpeter, J. (1934). The theory of economic development: an inquiry into prof-its, capital, credit, interest, and the business cycle. Transaction publishers.
Steele, L. (1989). Managing technology. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Teece, D. J. (1977). Time-cost tradeoffs: elasticity estimates and determinants for international technology transfer projects. Management Science, 23(8).
Tidd, J., Bessant, J., & Pavitt, K. (1998). Managing innovation: integrating technological, market, and organizational change. New York: Wiley.
Tushman, M., & Nadler, D. (1986). Organizing for innovation. California Man-agement Review, 28(3).
Urbancová, H. (2013). Competitive Advantage Achievement through Innovation and Knowledge. Journal of Competitiveness, 5(1).
Utterback, J. M., & Abernathy, W. (1975). A dynamic model of process and prod-uct innovation. Omega, 3(6).
Published
2017-06-30
How to Cite
Sachpazidu-Wójcicka, K. (2017). Innovation as a determinant of the competitiveness of Polish enterprises. Oeconomia Copernicana, 8(2), 287-299. doi:10.24136/oc.v8i2.18
Section
Articles