Changing fortunes and attitudes: what determines the political trust in modern Russia?

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24136/oc.2021.004

Keywords:

political trust, levels of authority, subjective decile of wealth, interpersonal trust, mass media

Abstract

Research background: We are guided by concepts linking political trust with the perceived rank of people in the wealth hierarchy, their confidence in other people, and the means they use to learn about events at home and abroad.

Purpose of the article: The aim of the article is to assess and analyse at the micro level the impact of subjective welfare, interpersonal trust and the intensity of usage of television & radio or the Internet to search for news on political trust in four levels of Russian government.

Methods: The study is based on microdata from the Life in Transition Surveys provided by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Ordinal logit regressions are constructed to evaluate the impact of test and control variables on political trust in the Russian president, federal, regional, and local governments in 2010 and 2016.

Findings & value added: We identify a reverse of political trust in the upper levels of the Russian government between 2010 and 2016, when the impact of perceived welfare level changes from positive to negative. This phenomenon is explained by the focus of the policy of the federal centre on sup-porting the poor groups of the population, as well as its distancing from business. In contrast, the positive, albeit inconsistent, effect of subjective wealth on trust in lower-level governments is due to the benefits that businesses can gain from interaction with local authorities. We find the positive impact of controlled television and radio on trust in the upper echelons of power, along with the negative impact of the freer Internet on political trust in regional and local authorities. We also confirm the hypothesis of a positive and significant relationship between interpersonal and political trust, highlighting the role of social capital. Finally, our research shows that in systems of the hierarchical type, such as Russia, specific mechanisms for maintaining political trust are established. They are associated with the redistribution of public expectations and claims to different branches of government. The results obtained are applicable for managing political trust through building a democratic state and civil society.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ananyev, M., & Guriev, S. (2017). Effect of income on trust: evidence from the 2009 economic crisis in Russia. Economic Journal, 129, 1082?1118. doi: 10.1111/ecoj.12612.

Avdeeva, D. A. (2019). Trust in Russia and its connection with the level of eco-nomic development. Social Sciences and Contemporary World, 3, 79?93. doi: 10.31857/S086904990005087-7.

Arshad, S., & Khurram, S. (2020). Can government?s presence on social media stimulate citizens? online political participation? Investigating the influence of transparency, trust, and responsiveness. Government Information Quarterly, 37(3). 101486. doi: 10.1016/j.giq.2020.101486.

Braun, D., & Fatke, M. (2019). A palliative for those who feel left behind? Politi-cal trust in the face of economic inequality. SSRN. doi: 10.2139/ssrn.2920988.

Cawvey, M., Hayes, M., Canache, D., & Mondak, J. J. (2018). Biological and psychological influences on interpersonal and political trust. In E. M. Uslaner (Ed.). The Oxford handbook of social and political trust. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190274801.013.11.

Chang, E., & Chu, Y. (2006). Corruption and trust: exceptionalism in Asian democracies? Journal of Politics, 68(2), 259?271. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2508.20 06.00404.x.

Chi, E., & Kwon, H. Y. (2016). The trust-eroding effect of perceived inequality: evidence from East Asian new democracies. Social Science Journal, 53(3), 318?328. doi: 10.1016/j.soscij.2016.02.008.

Davyborets, E. N. (2016). Phenomenon? of trust to Russia?s president. Sotsiolog-icheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 11, 107?113.

Frederickson, G., & Frederickson, D. (1995). Public perceptions of ethics in government. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 537(1), 163?172. doi: 10.1177/0002716295537000014.

Frye, T., Gehlbach, S., Marquardt, K. L., & Reuter, O. J. (2016). Is Putin?s popularity real? Post-Soviet Affairs, 33(1), 1?15. doi: 10.1080/1060586X.2016.11 44334.

Gudkov, L., Zorkaya, N., Kochergina, E., Pipiya, K., & Ryseva, A. (2020). Russia?s ?generation z?: attitudes and values. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung in the Russian Federation, Moscow.

Guriev, S., Melnikov, N., & Zhuravskaya, E. (2019). 3G Internet and confidence in government. SSRN. 10.2139/ssrn.3456747.

Hutcheson, D. S., & Petersson, B. (2016). Shortcut to legitimacy: popularity in Putin?s Russia. Europe-Asia Studies, 68(7), 1107?1126. doi: 10.1080/09668136 .2016.1216949.

Im, T., Cho, W., Porumbescu, G., & Park, J. (2014). Internet, trust in government, and citizen compliance. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 24(3), 741?763. doi: 10.1093/jopart/mus037.

Kiselev, V. O. (2014). Trust in Russian political institutions: sociological monitoring case study. Monitoring Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes, 6(124), 51?63. doi: 10.14515/monitoring.2014.6.05.

Keele, L. (2007). Social capital and the dynamics of trust in government. American Journal of Political Science, 51(2), 241?254. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2007.0 0248.x.

Kozyreva, P. M., & Smirnov, A. I. (2015). Political trust in Russia: peculiarities and problem of optimality. Vestnik Instituta sotziologii, 1(12), 79?99.

Latov, Y. V. (2019). Corruption in the mirror of Russian public opinion: problems, contradictions, paradoxes. Journal of Institutional Studies, 11(4), 40?60. doi: 10.17835/2076-6297.2019.11.4.040-060.

Lee, D., Chang, C. Y., & Hur, H. (2020). Economic performance, income inequality and political trust: new evidence from a cross-national study of 14 Asian coun-tries. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Administration, 42(2), 66?88. doi: 10.1080/23276665.2020.1755873.

Lei, Y.-W. (2020). Revisiting China?s social volcano: attitudes toward inequality and political trust in China. Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World, 6, 237802312091538. doi: 10.1177/2378023120915382.

Levi, M., & Stoker, L. (2000). Political trust and trustworthiness. Annual Review of Political Science, 3(1), 475?507. doi: 10.1146/annurev.polisci.3.1.475.

Li, L. (2016). Reassessing trust in the central government: evidence from five national surveys. China Quarterly, 225(3), 100?121. doi: 10.1017/S030574101 5001629.

Loveless, M. (2016). Inequality and support for political engagement in new democracies. Europe-Asia Studies, 68(6), 1003?1019. doi: 10.1080/09668136.2 016.1203865.

Lu, H., Tong, P., & Zhu, R. (2020). Does internet use affect Netizens? trust in government? Empirical evidence from China. Social Indicators Research, 149, 167?185. doi: 10.1007/s11205-019-02247-0.

Malkina, M. Yu., Ovchinnikov, V. N., & Kholodilin, K. A. (2020). Institutional factors influencing political trust in modern Russia. Journal of Institutional Studies, 12(4), 77?93. doi: 10.17835/2076-6297.2020.12.4.077-093.

Malkina, M. Yu., & Ovchinnikov, V. N. (2020). Influence of regulatory burden and involvement of business in corruption on revenue: grease vs. sand effect. Zhournal Novoi Ekonomicheskoi Associacii, 47(3), 40?65. doi: 10.31737/2221-2264-2020-47-3-2.

Marien, S., & Hooghe, M. (2011). Does political trust matter? An empirical investigation into the relation between political trust and support for law compliance. European Journal of Political Research, 50(2), 267?291. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2010.01930.x .

Medve-Bálint, G., & Boda, Z. (2014). The poorer you are, the more you trust? The effect of inequality and income on institutional trust in East-Central Europe. Sociologicky časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 50(3), 419?453. doi: 10.13060/00380288.2014.50.3.104.

Moy, P., & Scheufele, D.A. (2000). Media effects on political and social trust. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 77(4), 744?759. doi: 10.1177/1 07769900007700403.

Newton, K., Stolle, D., & Zmerli, S. (2018). Social and political trust. In E. M. Uslaner (Ed.). The Oxford handbook of social and political trust. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190274801.013.11.

Porumbescu, G. A. (2017). Not all bad news after all? Exploring the relationship between citizens? use of online mass media for government information and trust in government. International Public Management Journal, 20(3), 409?441. doi: 10.1080/10967494.2016.1269859.

Seligson, M. A. (2002). The impact of corruption on regime legitimacy: a comparative study of four Latin American countries. Journal of Politics, 64(2), 408?433.

Su, Z., Ye, Y., He, J., & Huang, W. (2016). Constructed hierarchical government trust in China: formation mechanism and political effects. Pacific Affairs, 89(4), 771?794. doi: 10.5509/2016894771.

Terin, D. F. (2018). The structure of political trust in Russia: performance and fairness of political institution. Sotsiologicheskij Zhurnal, 24(2), 90?109. doi: 10.19181/socjour.2018.24.2.5846.

Wu, ?., & Wilkes, R. (2017). Local?national political trust patterns: why China is an exception. International Political Science Review, 39(4), 1?19. doi: 10.1177/ 0192512116677587.

Zhou, Y. J., & Jin, S. (2018). Inequality and political trust in China: the social volcano thesis re-examined. China Quarterly, 236, 1033?1062. doi: 10.1017/s0 305741018001297.

Zmerli, S., & Castillo, J. C. (2015). Income inequality, distributive fairness and polit-ical trust in Latin America. Social Science Research, 52, 179?192. doi: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2015.02.003.

Zubarevich,?N. V. (2017). Development of the Russian space: barriers and oppor-tunities for regional policy. World of New Economy, 2, 46?57.

Downloads

Published

2021-04-13

How to Cite

Malkina, M. Y., Ovchinnikov, V. N., & Kholodilin, K. A. (2021). Changing fortunes and attitudes: what determines the political trust in modern Russia?. Oeconomia Copernicana, 12(1), 77–98. https://doi.org/10.24136/oc.2021.004

Issue

Section

Articles