Development of research on the university entrepreneurship ecosystem: trends and areas of interest of researchers based on a systematic review of literature
Keywords:academic entrepreneurship, university (academic) entrepreneurship ecosystem, systematic literature review
Research background: The concept of the university entrepreneurship ecosystem is nowadays a part of the current trends in researching the determinants of support for commercialization of research results. The subject is relatively new, because the first papers in this topic are dated to 2009, and in fact it has only been in the last 3 years that the interest of researchers in this subject has increased.
Purpose of the article: The purpose of this study is to analyze the state of research on the issue of the university ecosystem of academic entrepreneurship and to identify the main research trends related to this topic.
Methods: The article was based on a systematic review of the literature (SLR), which included the selection of basic literature and selection of publications, mayor researchers, bibliometric analysis and content analysis.
Findings & Value added: The results of the conducted research indicate that the study of the university ecosystem of academic entrepreneurship is still a new issue, poorly recognized in literature, without a solid methodological foundation and which may constitute a current and interesting research area. Our paper adds to existing research in four important ways. We provide a holistic review of university entrepreneurial ecosystem. We also identify the challenges identified in this area and suggest how they may be developed. Third, our results are also policy-relevant. For policy-makers, it is important to know whether academic engagement is driven by mechanisms existing in academic ecosystem or affected by factors that may not be activated by it.
Berger, E. S. C., & Kuckertz, A. (2016). Female entrepreneurship in startup ecosystems worldwide. Journal of Business Research, 69(11). doi: 10.1016/ j.jbusres.2016.04.098.
Boh, W. F., De-Haan, U., & Strom, R. (2016). University technology transfer through entrepreneurship: faculty and students in spinoffs. Journal of Technology Transfer, 41(4). doi: 10.1007/s10961-015-9399-6.
Bosma, N., Schutjens, V., & Stam, E. (2009). Entrepreneurship in European regions. In R. Baptista & J. Leitao (Eds). Public policies for fostering entrepreneurship. International studies in entrepreneurship, vol 22. New York: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-0249-8_4.
Coenen, L., Gosens, J., & Lu, Y. (2015). The role of transnational dimensions in emerging economy. Technological innovation systems’ for clean-tech. Journal of Cleaner Production, 86(1). doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.08.029.
Dodgson, M., Gann, D., & Phillips, N. (2014). The Oxford handbook of innovation management. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199 694945.001.0001.
Guerrero, M., Urbano, D., & Fayolle, A. (2016). Entrepreneurial universities: emerging models in the new social and economic landscape. Small Business Economics, 47. doi:10.1007/s11187-016-9755-4.
Hallam, C., Novick, D., Gilbert, D. J., Frankwick, G. L., Wenker, O., & Zanella, G.. (2017). Academic entrepreneurship and the entrepreneurial ecosystem: the UT transform project. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, 23(1).
Hayter, C. S., Nelson, A. J., Zayed, S., & O’Connor, A. C. (2018). Conceptualizing academic entrepreneurship ecosystems: a review, analysis and extension of the literature. Journal of Technology Transfer, 43(4). doi: 10.1007/s11187-016-9756-3.
Hayter, C. S. (2016). A trajectory of early-stage spinoff success: the role of knowledge intermediaries within an entrepreneurial university ecosystem. Small Business Economics, 47. doi:10.1007/s11187-016-9756-3.
Hechavaria, D. M., & Ingram, A. ( 2014). A review of the entrepreneurial ecosystem and the entrepreneurial society in the US: an exploration with the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Dataset. Journal of Business & Entrepreneurship, 26(1). doi: 10.1007/s11187-016-9756-3.
Isenberg, D. J. (2010). How to start an entrepreneurial revolution. Harvard Business Review, 88(6).
Isenberg, D. J. (2011). The entrepreneurship ecosystem strategy as a new paradigm for economic policy: principles for cultivating entrepreneurships. The Babson Entrepreneurship Ecosystem Project. Babson Park: MA: Babson College.
Jacobides, M. G., Cennamo, C., & Gawer, A. (2018). Towards a theory of ecosystems. Strategic Management Journal, 39(8). doi: 10.1002/smj.2904.
Jones, P., Klapper, R., Ratten, V., & Fayolle, A. (2018). Emerging themes in entrepreneurial behaviours, identities and contexts. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovations, 19(4). doi: 10.1177/1465750318772811.
Kobylińska, U. (2019). Ecosystem and relationship within the support of academic entrepreneurship. In Networks, stakeholders and entrepreneurial ecosysystems in current polish economy. Gdansk: Gdansk University of Technology.
Maia, C., & Claro, J. (2013). The role of a proof of concept center in a university ecosystem: an exploratory study. Journal of Technology Transfer, 38(5). doi: 10.1007/s10961-012-9246-y.
Malecki, E. J. (2017). Entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial ecosystems. Geography Compass, 12(3). doi: 10.1111/gec3.12359
Oh, D., Philips F., Park, S., & Lee E. (2016). Innovation ecosystem: a critical examination. Technoinnovation, 54. doi: 10.1016/j.technovation.2016.02.004.
Perkmann, M., Tartari, V., Mckelvey, M., & Autio, E., Broström, A., D'Este,P., Fini, R., Geuna, A., Grimaldi, R., Hughes, A., Kitson, M., Krabel, S., Llerena,P., Lissoni, F., Salter, A., & Sobrero, M. (2013). Academic engagement and commercialization: a review of the literature on university-industry relations. Research Policy, 42. doi: 10.2139/ssrn.2088253.
Powell, W., Packalen, K., & Whittington, K. (2009). Organizational and institutional genesis: the emergence of high-tech clusters in the life sciences. In J. Padgett & W. Powell (Eds.). The emergence of organizations and markets. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Robert, E., & Eesley, C. (2011). Entrepreneurial impact: the role of MIT. Foundations and Trends® in Entrepreneurship, 7. doi: 0.1561/0300000030.
Samila, S., & Sorenson, O. (2010). Venture capital as a catalyst to commercialization. Research Policy, (39)10. doi: 10.2139/ssrn.1533787.
Sherwood, A. (2018). University and the entrepreneurship ecosystem. In S. Globerman & J. Clemens (Eds.). Demographics and entrepreneurship: mitigating the effects of an aging population. Fraser Institute.
Spigel, B. (2017). The relational organization of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 41. doi: 10.1111/etap.12167.
Stam, F. C., & Spigel, B. (2016). Entrepreneurial ecosystems. Utrecht School of Economics Working Papers, 16-13.
Whittington, K., Owen-Smith, J., & Powell, W. (2009). Networks, propinquity and innovation in knowledge- intensive industries. Administrative Science Quarterly, 54. doi 10.2189/asqu.2009.54.1.90.
Wright, M., Siegel D.S., Mustar, P. (2017). An emerging ecosystem for student start-ups. Journal of Technology Transfer, 42(4). doi: 10.1007/s10961-017-9558-z.