Selected Problems of Integration of Foreigners in the Czech Republic

Main Article Content

Libuse Macakova

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to characterize the problems of immigration and subsequent integration of foreigners in the Czech Republic. The starting point is a brief historical perspective on the development of migration policies of the Czech Republic and the development of immigration in recent years. The aspects discussed in particular are education and health care, as the main factors affecting the integration of immigrants. The analysis suggests a pivotal role of the state in the activities focused on the integration of foreigners, an important role is played by non-profit organizations. In the end of the paper attention is focused on the Czech public attitude to immigration. Active immigration policy in the Czech Republic began in 2003. Currently, integration is understood as an essential part of the immigration policy of the Government of the Czech Republic. Integration of foreigners into the Czech society is directly linked to the process of immigration and is crucial for the smooth immigrant participation in the local labor market and life in the country. The main problem is the lack of knowledge of the Czech language by adult immigrants and especially their children, lack of knowledge of the Czech language, which significantly complicates the possibility of integration into the Czech society. Access to health care is another critical area of integration. Not all areas of integration are managed entirely ideally. This paper tries to highlight specific partial deficiencies. Further development is possible only after an analysis of the basic factors of integration.

Article Details

How to Cite
Macakova, L. (2013). Selected Problems of Integration of Foreigners in the Czech Republic. Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, 8(1), 109-124. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.12775/EQUIL.2013.007
Section
Varia

References

Adámek P., Macákova L. (2006), Rigidity of the Labour Markets of the EU and the migration [in:] New Theory of Economy and Management of Organization, Oeconomica, Praha.
Borjas G.J. (1999), Economic research on the determinants of immigration: lessons for the European Union, The World Bank, Washington.
Borjas G.J. (2008), Labour economics, McGraw-Hill/Irwin, Boston. Ceský statistický úrad (2009), Materské, základní a strední školy, konzervatore, vyšší odborné a vysoké školy - studující cizinci, 2003/04-2009/10, http://www.c zso.cz/csu/cizinci.nsf/t/2700322E8F/$File/c06r01.pdf.
Drbohlav D., Lachmanová L. (2008), Nelegální ekonomické aktivity migrantu: Cesko v evropském kontextu [in:] Možné prístupy k odhadu poctu nelegálních migrantu v Cesku a zvlášte v Praze,Karolinum, Praha.
Eurydice (2009/2010), Organizace vzdelávací soustavy Ceské republiky 2009/2010 http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/education/eurydice/documents/eurybase/eurybase_full _reports/CZ_CS.pdf.
Hatton T.J., Williamson J.G. (2005), Global migration and the world economy: two centuries of policy and performance, MIT Press, Cambridge.
Héricourt J., Spielvogel G. (2010), International Migration Outlook: SOPEMI 2010 [in:] Public Opinions and Immigration: Individual Attitudes, Interest Groups and the Media, OECD Publishing, Paris.
Jelínková M. (2011), Prístup (ne)legálních migrantu ke zdravotní péci, Migraceonline.cz, http://www.migraceonline.cz/e-knihovna/?x=1973899.
International labour migration: A rights-based approach (2010) [in:] International Labour Office, Geneva, http://www.ilo.org/public/libdoc/ilo/2010/110B09_59_ engl.pdf.
Jovanovic M.N. (2005), The economics of European integration: limits and prospects, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.
Keeley B. (2009), International migration: the human face of globalization, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Developement, Paris
Meta (2010), Inkluzivní škola, Soucasnost: Predškolní a základní vzdelávání.
Ministerstvo vnitra CR (2010), Realizované projekty EIF 2010, http://www.mvc r.cz/soubor/realizovane-projekty-2010-web-xls.aspx.
OECD (2010), International Migration Outlook: SOPEMI (2010), Paris.
Samers M. (2010), Migration, Routledge, Milton Park.
Schiller B.R. (2008), The economics of poverty and discrimination, Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River.
Šindelárová J. (2009), Metodický portál inspirace a zkušenosti ucitelu [in:] Zaclenování žáku - cizincu do výuky v ZŠ, http://clanky.rvp.cz/clanek/c/z/719 1/ZACLENOVANI-ZAKU-%E2%80%93-CIZINCU-DO-VYUKY-VZS. html/.
Úzis (2011), Cerpání zdravotní péce cizinci v roce 2010, http://www.uzi s.cz/rychle-informace/cerpani-zdravotni-pece-cizinci-roce-2010.